All About Beauty

All About Beauty









What is makeup?
Makeup can serve many purposes. Women usually use it to hide their scars and acne, elevate their look, or just make them feel a bit confident and looking more stunning. We can say all types of makeup have been catered to women the most, men are increasingly finding good use of this classic beauty enhancer technique as well.
Your makeup is the sum of what makes you who you are, or the sum of what you smear on your face! You could say that your makeup is a combination of your parents' genes. Or, you could wear cosmetic makeup to accentuate those physical traits.
Your makeup is every personality characteristic that combined, form a unique person — but the makeup you put on your face can be used to disguise your real self a little bit. This kind of makeup is also called cosmetics, and it consists of things like lipstick, mascara, foundation, and so on. This meaning of makeup has been in use since the 1880s, a period when Queen Victoria declared it vulgar, only appropriate for stage actors.
Usually when you decide to wear a makeup you use moisturizer to take care of your skin. Then you use primer to prepare your skin for makeup.
After that, you use foundation to create a sort of blank page for you to put the rest of your makeup on. Foundation will even out any inconsistency in shade, and leave you with a uniform facial skin tone. And that's a good thing, because it gives you a blank canvas on which to add color to your face. If you stopped after applying foundation, you'd look dull and blank, and if you tried applying color to your face without first making your skin one even color tone, your makeup would look uneven and blotchy.
In next step, you use eye foundation to get your eyes ready for eyeshadow, and lip primer to get your lips ready for lipstick.
After all, you use the rest of your makeup to give your face color. Contour and highlighter will add dimension and depth to your face by creating the appearance of light and shadows, and bronzer and blush will add color.
At the end, you use a setting spray to keep everything together.


Cosmetics are care substances used to enhance the appearance or odor of the human body. They are generally mixtures of chemical compounds, some being derived from natural sources, many being synthetic.
Cosmetic use was frowned upon at many points in Western history. For example, in the 19th century, Queen Victoria publicly declared makeup improper, vulgar, and acceptable only for use by actors
Beauty products are now widely available from dedicated internet-only retailers, who have more recently been joined online by established outlets, including the major department stores and traditional bricks and mortar beauty retailers.

Although modern make-up has been traditionally used mainly by women, an increasing number of males are gradually using cosmetics usually associated to women to enhance or cover their own facial features. Concealer is commonly used by cosmetic-conscious men. Cosmetics brands release cosmetic products especially tailored for men, and men are increasingly using such products.

Makeup types

Cosmetics include skin-care creams, lotions, powders, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail and toe nail polish, eye and facial makeup, towelettes, permanent waves, colored contact lenses, hair colors, hair sprays and gels, deodorants, hand sanitizer, baby products, bath oils, bubble baths, bath salts, butters and many other types of products. A subset of cosmetics is called "make-up," which refers primarily to coloring products intended to alter the user’s appearance. Many manufacturers distinguish between decorative cosmetics and care cosmetics.

Different types of cosmetics:

Primer, comes in various formulas to suit individual skin conditions. Most are meant to reduce the appearance of pore size, prolong the wear of makeup, and allow for a smoother application of makeup, and are applied before foundation.
primer is a lot of people's favorite makeup product---it can do a lot more. It can:
Seal pores. No matter how big or small your pores are, foundation makeup makes pores less visible.
• Smooth fine lines. By filling in gaps in your epidermis, it makes your skin appear flat and smooth.
• Help solve pigmentation issues. Some foundations have skin-care ingredients, and can correct dark spots over time.
• Reduce redness and cover acne. Foundations vary greatly in the amount of pigment they contain, and some can be used to cover rosacea and blemishes. Others have salicylic acid, that magical, oil-and-bacteria-absorbing stuff that fights acne and pimples.
Shields your face. You are under constant barrage from dust and debris, and foundation products your skin from any unwanted materials floating your way.
• Keep you looking great in extreme weather. If you live in an atmosphere that is hot-and-humid or cold-and-dry, primer keeps your makeup right where you originally applied it.

Lipgloss, is a sheer, liquid form of lipstick. Lipstick, lip gloss, lip liner, lip plumper, lip balm, lip conditioner, lip primer, and lip boosters. Lip stains have a water or gel base and may contain alcohol to help the product stay on the lips. The idea behind lip stains is to temporarily saturate the lips with a dye, rather than to cover them with a colored wax. Usually designed to be waterproof, the product may come with an applicator brush or be applied with a finger.

Concealer, makeup used to cover any imperfections of the skin. Concealer is often used for any extra coverage needed to cover blemishes or other marks. Concealer is often thicker and more solid than foundation, and provides longer lasting, more detailed coverage. Some formulations are meant only for the eye or only for the face.

Foundation, is used to smooth out the face and cover spots or uneven skin coloration. Usually a liquid, cream, or powder, as well as most recently a light and fluffy mousse, foundation also provides excellent coverage. Foundation primer can be applied before or after foundation to obtain a smoother finish. Some primers come in powder or liquid form to be applied before foundation as a base, while other primers come as a spray to be applied after the foundation to help the make-up last longer.
Foundation (which people sometimes refer to as "base") is a flesh-colored makeup that's used to covers blemishes and flaws, but most importantly, to create a single, uniform skin color on the wearer's face. Many people seem to think that foundation is only for women and men who have some skin discoloration, but that's not the case---foundation is an important component of any makeup routine.
Once you've chosen a foundation, you'll need to apply it. Depending on the type you choose (liquid vs. cream vs. powder), you can use brushes, sponges, or your fingers. Some people swear by brushes; others love sponges; many just use their hands. There's a lot of debate about the best application method, but whatever you use, you want to avoid streaks (that's a problem with using your fingers), not rub bacteria all over your face (which can happen if you don't replace your sponges frequently enough), and keep from irritating your skin (which can be an issue with some brushes).

BB Cream, aka Beauty Balm Cream

BB creams, the beauty product we all love to hate. The only thing we love to hate even more is CC cream, and then, of course, DD cream. So what are these products, and why do some women absolutely rave about them?
BB creams are fairly new to North American markets. The product was very popular in many Asian markets (particularly South Korea), but it wasn't until 2011 (in other words, fairly recently) that cosmetics companies starting developing and selling BB creams in the United States and Canada and other Western countries.
The idea of BB creams was to create a product that would be an "all-in-one" cosmetic product: instead of using a moisturizer, and then a primer, and then a foundation, and then a concealer, you could just use a BB cream and be on your way. The product is created to have it all, and it has moisturizing agents like hyaluronic acid and glycerin, anti-aging agents like Vitamins A, C, and E, silicon additives that flatten wrinkles and craters, and pigments that create a uniform skin tone.
The next item in our introduction to makeup: concealer.
Everybody WANTS perfect skin, but let's be honest: very few people have it. And those people who DO seem like they have perfect skin---well, very often, they're just really good at using concealer.
We haven't done any official studies, but we're willing to bet: if we interviewed 1,000 makeup artists and another 1,000 women who use makeup every day, and we asked them to name their favorite makeup product, we're guessing every single one of them would say "concealer." It's like the makeup version of your best friend: it knows all of your facial flaws but keeps them secret, and helps you look and feel flawless. It hides acne, blemishes, dark circles, scars, rosacea, broken blood vessels, and whatever else you don't want the world to see. It is---and we're not exaggerating---the absolute best thing ever. OK, fine, we’re exaggerating a little bit. But concealer can be very effective.
There are several different types that are available:
• Liquid Concealer. This is perhaps the most common variety, and liquid concealers come in a range of coverage options, from light to medium to full coverage. Use it for normal skin, combination skin, oily skin, acne-prone skin, and sensitive skin. If you have acne, this is a great option, because it's less likely to lead to further breakouts (whereas a creamier concealer might do so). You can apply with your fingers or a wand or a sponge, and there are options for matte, satin, dewy, and shimmer.
• Cream Concealer. Good for normal skin, dry skin, and combination skin. Cream concealer usually comes in a small pot or palette, and it works really well for dark rings under the eyes, because it usually provides a fuller coverage than liquid concealer. Also good for sensitive skin, but bad for acne-prone skin.
• Cream-to-Powder Concealer. This is less popular than the other types of concealers, because it doesn't offer the same coverage (it's a light-to-normal coverage product) and it's a bad choice for people who are prone to any kind of acne. If you have normal to dry skin and you're looking for light-to-normal coverage, it can be a good choice.
• Stick Concealer. If you have normal to dry skin and you're looking for medium-to-dark coverage, this is your best bet. It's a creamy semi-solid (kind of like a lipstick would be) and it's fantastic for very dark circles and more severe discoloration. If you have acne, be careful using this---people with acne tend to like stick concealer because it can cover just about anything, but using it can be a bad idea, because the thickness of the cosmetic can clog pores and actually create further breakouts.
Contouring used to be a kind of "secret technique" that was only used by makeup artists on runway models. But, thanks to the internet and hundreds of millions of YouTube instructionals, the secret is out.
Here's how it works: a contour is a powder or liquid or pencil that is (ideally) one shade darker than the skin, and usually matte in finish (in other words, not shiny; flat). It is applied to various areas of the face---usually at the cheekbones, by the jawline, at the top of the forehead, and along the nose---to create the illusion of shadows and depth on the face, and define the facial structure. Skillful use of contouring can create a more "angular" look---that is, high cheekbones and a slimmer nose and chin---and, let's be honest, the "angular" look has been popular for most of recorded history, so contouring is a pretty popular technique.
Highlighter is like contour's sister, but she's a little more upbeat, a little more bright, a little more sparkly, and she gets a lot more attention.
Men and women who are new to makeup don't always understand a highlighter's appeal: if you've just made yourself look sleek and angular, why would you want to mess with that look?
When done right, highlighter is makeup that attracts light and creates a warm, glowy look. Using just contour will make you look angular, but it creates a mattified look that can be a little flat.
There are a TON of different highlighters you can buy, and they're available in liquid, cream, and powder. Some have shimmer, some don't (we'd advise against using shimmer---highlighter is supposed to make you glow and look alert; adding sparkle is a little much).

Bronzer, is used to give skin a bit of color by adding a golden or bronze glow. It comes in either matte, semi matte/satin, or shimmer finishes.
A bronzer is a "use every day"-type product that gives a little color and glow to the complexion. It's provides a little highlight for the cheekbones, and makes the wearer look healthy and vital. If you're feeling a little sallow or dull, bronzer can have a nice effect, and it'll provide you with a nice sun-kissed look.
Bronzers aren't too difficult to select; basically, you're looking for something one to two shades darker than your normal skin tone. If you have fair-to-normal skin, try to find a light-honey-colored bronzer. If you've got medium skin, looking for something rose-colored or gold. If you've got dark skin, you'll want to find something amber.
For a lot of people, blush is their absolute, #1, favorite makeup item. It's simple, it's easy to use, and it's colorful. It's a fan favorite.
There are dozens, if not hundreds, of different blush colors, and they're available in liquid, cream, or powder.
Blushes usually come with a brush, but those brushes are usually, so we recommend tossing that brush and getting your own. Buy something that's not too flat but not too round, sized about the width of your cheeks when you smile, and reasonably soft. Ideally, you'll find a brush that kind of looks like one of those pencil gnomes you get when you were a kid.
Eyebrow Pencils (and Gels and Powders)
We'll start with eyebrow pencils: eyebrow pencils are magical little things that can make thin eyebrows look lush and strong and beautiful. If your arches are a little bit weak, you can sharpen them; if your brows are patchy or run thick-to-thin, you can fill them in; and if you have any kind of scarring from a cut or from acne, you can do a little resurfacing.
We say "pencils," but you can color your eyebrows using gels and powders. Gels are great for creating a brow shape, and powders are great for people who already have a solid brow but want to add some extra density to it.

As far as makeup goes, eyeshadow is by far the most emotive. Other types of makeup can be a little bit bland (foundation is vitally important, but it doesn't really razzle dazzle you), but eyeshadow---you can go as subtle or over-the-top and exciting as you want. Eyeshadow can make you glamorous, or seductive, or colorful, or adventurous, or simply joyous. Eyeshadow is IT.

Face powder, is used to set the foundation, giving it a matte finish, and also to conceal small flaws or blemishes.

Rouge, blush or blusher is cheek coloring used to bring out the color in the cheeks and make the cheekbones appear more defined. Rouge comes in powder, cream, and liquid forms.

Contour powder/creams, are used to define the face. They can be used to give the illusion of a slimmer face or to modify a person’s face shape in other desired ways. Usually a few shades darker than one's own skin tone and matte in finish, contour products create the illusion of depth. A darker toned foundation/concealer can be used instead of contour products for a more natural look.

Highlight, used to draw attention to the high points of the face as well as to add glow to the face, comes in liquid, cream, and powder forms. It often contains shimmer, but sometimes does not. A lighter toned foundation/concealer can be used instead of highlight to create a more natural look.

Mascara, is used to darken, lengthen, and thicken the eyelashes. It is available in natural colors such as brown and black, but also comes in bolder colors such as blue, pink, or purple. There are many different formulas, including waterproof versions for those prone to allergies or sudden tears. It is often used after an eyelash curler and mascara primer. Many mascaras now have certain components intended to help lashes to grow longer and thicker.
Let's talk lashes! Mascara is another one of our favorites. It's an eyelash enhancer, and it can be used to lengthen, thicken, darken, or curl. It's available in a range of colors, and it's usually sold as a liquid, a cream, or a cake. And, thank goodness, there are waterproof formulas if you're planning to cry or get stuck in the rain.

Eyelash glue, is used to adhere false lashes to the eyes. It comes in either clear or colored formulas.

Eyebrow pencils, creams, waxes, gels and powders are used to color and define the brows.

Nail polish, is used to color the fingernails and toenails.

Setting Spray, is used to keep applied makeup intact for long periods of time. An alternative to setting spray is setting powder, which may be either pigmented or translucent. Cosmetics can be also described by the physical composition of the product. Cosmetics can be liquid or cream emulsions; powders, both pressed and loose; dispersions; and anhydrous creams or sticks.

Eyeliner, is used to enhance and elongate the size of the eye. Eyeliner is a cosmetic applied across the lash line, which is the area of your eye that grows eyelashes. The cosmetic comes in many colors, and is used to give the eye depth and make it appear more dynamic, and when used with eyeshadow, it makes the eyes appear defined and vibrant. It's available in liquid, powder, gel, wax, and pencil (with pencil being the most popular), and depending on what kind you use, it can be angular and defined, or soft and smudgy. Eyeliner Pencils, Liquid Eyeliner, Gel Eyeliner, Powder / Cake Eyeliner,

Makeup remover, is a product used to remove the makeup products applied on the skin. It is used to clean the skin before other procedures, like applying bedtime lotion.

Skin types:

There are five basic skin types, including:

1. Normal skin

This type of skin has a fine, even and smooth surface due to its ideal balance between oil and moisture content and is therefore neither greasy nor dry. People who have normal skin have small, barely-visible pores. Thus, their skin usually appears clear and does not frequently develop spots and blemishes. This type of skin needs minimal and gentle treatment, but does still require maintenance.

2. Dry skin

Dry skin has a parched appearance and tends to flake easily. It is prone to wrinkles and lines due to its inability to retain moisture, as well as an inadequate production of sebum by sebaceous glands. Dry skin often has problems in cold weather, which dries it out even further. Constant protection in the form of a moisturizer by day and a moisture-rich cream by night is essential. It is important not to over-exfoliate even in cases of extreme flaking, as this only dries out the skin further; gentle exfoliants using sugar, rice bran or mild acids are the most suitable, although they should not be used more frequently than once per week to avoid causing irritation and dryness.

3. Oily skin

As its name implies, this type of skin surface is slightly to moderately greasy, which is caused by the over secretion of sebum. The excess oil on the surface of the skin causes dirt and dust from the environment to adhere to it. Oily skin is usually prone to blackheads, whiteheads, spots and pimples. It needs to be cleansed thoroughly every day, especially in hot or humid weather. Moisturizing with an oil-free, water-based and non-comedogenic moisturizer is required in addition. Exfoliation is also necessary, but over-exfoliation can cause irritation and increase in oil production; exfoliants that contain fruit acids are particularly helpful, and fine-grained exfoliants may help to clear blocked pores, discouraging breakouts and improving the skin's appearance.

4. Combination skin

This is the most common type of skin. As the name suggests, it is a combination of both oily and dry or normal skin where certain areas of the face are oily and the others dry. The oily parts are usually found on a central panel, called the T–Zone, consisting of the forehead, nose and chin. The dry areas usually consist of the cheeks and the areas around the eyes and mouth. In such cases, each part of the face should be treated according to its skin type. There are also skin care products made especially for those who have combination skin; these contain ingredients that cater to both skin types.

5. Sensitive skin

Sensitive skin has a tendency to react to many potential triggers with irritation, redness, stinging or burning, flaking, lumpiness and rashes. The most common causes of irritation are chemical dyes and fragrances, soaps, some flower and spice oils, shaving creams, tanning lotions or spray tans, changes in temperature, excessive cleansing or exfoliating, waxing, threading, shaving and bleaching. People with sensitive skin should try to avoid products with unnecessary fragrances or dyes, and generally avoid using products that cause irritation. Sensitive skin is typically dry, but can be oily, normal or combination as well.


All the makeup types listed simply and informatively